Yayin da zub da jini ke tsiro cikin shahararrun mutane, ya zama manufa ta al'ada ga gwamnatocin da ke buƙatar samun kuɗin haraji. Saboda yawancin masu shan sigari da tsofaffin masu shan sigari sukan sayi samfuran tururi, hukumomin haraji suna ɗauka daidai cewa kuɗin da aka kashe akan sigarin e-sigari kuɗi ne da ba a kashe wa kan kayayyakin sigari na gargajiya. Gwamnatoci sun dogara da sigari da sauran kayayyakin taba a matsayin hanyar samun kudin shiga tsawon shekaru.

Ko na'urori masu fashewa da ruwa-ruwa sun cancanci biyan haraji kamar taba kusan kusa da batun. Gwamnatoci na ganin sun ture masu shan sigari daga sigari, kuma sun fahimci cewa dole ne a yi asarar kudaden shiga. Tunda yin fashin yana kama da shan sigari, kuma akwai babbar hamayya ga lafiyar jama'a game da zubewa, ya zama abin sha'awa ga politiciansan siyasa, musamman saboda suna iya ba da hujjar harajin tare da maganganun kiwon lafiya iri-iri.

Yanzu ana gabatar da harajin Vape kuma ana wuce shi akai-akai a Amurka da sauran wurare. Haraji galibi masu adawa ne da raunin cutar taba da wakilai na ƙungiyoyin cinikayya na masana'antu da ƙarancin masu sayayya, kuma galibi ƙungiyoyi masu kula da sigari ne ke tallafa musu kamar huhu da ƙungiyoyin zuciya.

Me yasa gwamnatoci ke biyan kayayyakin samfuran iska?

Ana amfani da haraji kan takamaiman kayayyaki-galibi ana kiransu haraji-ana amfani da su don dalilai daban-daban: don tara kuɗi ga hukumar da ke biyan haraji, da sauya halayyar waɗanda ake ɗora musu haraji, da kuma daidaita tsadar muhalli, na likita, da na kayayyakin more rayuwa waɗanda aka yi amfani da su. Misalan sun hada da biyan harajin barasa don hana yawan shan giya, da kuma sanya mai domin biyan kudin gyaran titi.

Taba sigari sun daɗe suna da manufar haraji. Saboda illolin shan sigari na haifar da tsada a kan dukkan al'umma (kula da lafiyar masu shan sigari), masu goyon bayan harajin taba suna cewa masu shan taba sigari su kafa doka. Wani lokaci ana cire haraji akan barasa ko taba sigari na zunubi, saboda suna hukunta halayen masu shaye-shaye da sigari — kuma a ka'ida suna taimakawa shawo kan masu zunubi su bar mugayen hanyoyinsu.

Amma saboda gwamnati ta dogara da kudaden shiga, idan shan sigari ya ragu akwai karancin kudi wanda dole sai an samar dashi da wata hanyar samun kudin shiga, idan kuma ba haka ba dole ne gwamnati ta rage kashe kudade. Ga yawancin gwamnatoci, harajin sigari babbar hanya ce ta samun kudin shiga, kuma ana cajin kudin ne baya ga daidaitaccen harajin tallace-tallace da aka tantance akan dukkan kayayyakin da aka siyar.

Idan sabon samfuri ya yi gogayya da sigari, yawancin 'yan majalisa suna son harajin sabon samfurin daidai don yin asarar kudaden shiga. Amma yaya idan sabon samfurin (bari mu kira shi sigarin e-cigar) na iya rage cutarwar da shan sigari ke haifarwa da kuma haɗakar kuɗin kiwon lafiya? Hakan ya bar ‘yan majalisa cikin halin kaka ni ka yi - aƙalla waɗanda ke wahalar da karatun kwata-kwata.

Sau da yawa 'yan majalisar jiha suna wargazawa tsakanin tallafawa kasuwancin gida kamar shagunan sayar da kaya (waɗanda ba sa son haraji) da masu faranta rai ga masu ra'ayoyi don ƙungiyoyi masu mutunci kamar Societyungiyar Ciwon Cutar Amurka da Lungiyar huhu ta Amurka (wacce ke tallafawa haraji a kan samfuran tururi). Wani lokaci mahimmin abu mai yanke shawara shine bayani mara kyau game da zaton cutarwa na zubewa. Amma wani lokacin suna buƙatar kuɗin kawai.

Ta yaya vape haraji ke aiki? Shin daidai suke a ko'ina?

Yawancin masu amfani da Amurka suna biyan harajin tallace-tallace na ƙasa a kan kayayyakin da suka saya, don haka gwamnatocin jihohi (da kuma wani lokacin na cikin gida) tuni sun fara cin gajiyar tallan tun kafin a ƙara haraji. Harajin tallace-tallace galibi ana tantance su azaman kashi na farashin keɓaɓɓu na kayayyakin da ake saya. A cikin sauran ƙasashe da yawa, masu amfani suna biyan “ƙarin ƙimar haraji” (VAT) wanda ke aiki daidai da harajin tallace-tallace. Game da haraji, suna zuwa da nau'ikan nau'ikan asali:

  • Harajin sayarwa akan e-liquid - Ana iya kimanta wannan kawai akan ruwa mai dauke da nikotin (don haka asali shine harajin nicotine), ko kuma akan duk e-ruwa. Tunda yawanci ana tantance shi ne a kowane mililita, irin wannan harajin e-juice din yana shafar masu sayar da ruwa e-lemun kwalba fiye da na dillalai na kayayyakin da aka gama dauke da ƙaramin adadin e-ruwa (kamar zafin kwaya da cigalikes). Misali, masu siyan JUUL kawai zasu biya haraji akan 0.7 mL na e-ruwa ga kowane kwafon ruwa (ko dai kawai 3 mL's na kowane fakitin kwalliya). Saboda samfuran masana'antar taba duk ƙananan na'urori ne da suke amfani da kwaɗa-leda ko sigalik, masu neman ba da sigari galibi suna tura harajin mil-milita
  • Harajin lean kasuwa - Irin wannan harajin sigari na sigari ana iya biyan mai siyarwa (mai rarrabawa) ko ɗan kasuwa zuwa jihar, amma ana biyan kuɗin koyaushe ga mai siye da shi a cikin farashin mafi tsada. Irin wannan harajin ana tantance shi akan farashin samfurin da ake cajin ɗan kasuwa yayin siyarwa daga babban dillali. Sau da yawa jihar na rarraba tsabagen abubuwa a matsayin kayayyakin taba (ko "wasu kayayyakin taba," wanda ya haɗa da taba mara hayaki) don dalilai na kimanta harajin. Za'a iya tantance harajin babban saidai kan kayayyakin da ke dauke da sinadarin nicotine, ko kuma ana iya amfani da shi ga duk mai ruwa, ko duk samfuran da suka haɗa da na'urorin da ba su da e-ruwa. Misalai sun haɗa da California da Pennsylvania harajin vape na California haraji ne na talla wanda ake sanyawa kowace shekara ta ƙasa kuma yayi daidai da yawan kuɗin haraji akan sigari. Hakan kawai ya shafi samfuran da ke ƙunshe da nicotine. Harajin vape Pennsylvania na asali ya shafi dukkan samfuran, gami da na'urori har ma da kayan haɗi waɗanda ba su haɗa da ruwa ko e-nikine ba, amma kotu ta yanke hukunci a 2018 cewa jihar ba za ta iya karɓar harajin kan na'urorin da ba su da nicotine ba.

Wasu lokuta wadannan kudaden haraji suna tare da “harajin bene,” wanda ke baiwa jihar damar karbar haraji a kan duk kayayyakin da shagon ko babban dillali ke dasu a ranar da harajin ya fara aiki. Yawanci, dillalin yana yin lissafi a wannan ranar kuma ya rubuta rajistan zuwa jihar don cikakken adadin. Idan wani shagon Pennsylvania yana da kayan kasuwanci na kimanin $ 50,000 a hannun kaya, mai shi zai kasance da alhakin biyan $ 20,000 nan da nan zuwa jihar. Ga ƙananan kamfanoni ba tare da kuɗi mai yawa a hannu ba, harajin bene kanta na iya zama barazanar rai. Harajin PA vape ya kori fiye da shagunan vape 100 daga kasuwanci a cikin shekarar farko.

Vaping haraji a Amurka

Babu harajin tarayya akan samfuran vap. An gabatar da kudiri a cikin Majalisa don yin fatali da haraji, amma babu wanda ya je jefa kuri'a na cikakken House ko Senate har yanzu.

USasar Amurka, ƙasa, da harajin cikin gida

Kafin 2019, jihohi tara da Gundumar Columbia sun sanya harajin kayayyakin hayaki. Wannan adadin ya ninka ninki biyu a farkon watanni bakwai na 2019, lokacin da firgici na ɗabi'a game da JUUL da ɓarkewar samari wanda ya mamaye kanun labarai kusan kowace rana har tsawon shekara guda ya tura 'yan majalisa yin wani abu don "dakatar da annobar."

A halin yanzu, rabin jihohin Amurka suna da wasu nau'ikan harajin samfuran kwastomomi a duk faɗin jihar. Kari akan haka, birane da kananan hukumomi a wasu jihohi suna da nasu harajin, kamar yadda gundumar Columbia da Puerto Rico suke.

Alaska
Duk da yake Alaska ba ta da harajin ƙasa, wasu yankuna na birni suna da nasu haraji na vape:

  • Juneau Borough, NW Arctic Borough da Petersburg suna da kwatankwacin harajin kusan kashi 45% na samfuran samfuran da ke dauke da nikotin
  • Matanuska-Susitna Borough tana da harajin 55% na talla

Kalifoniya
Harajin California a kan “sauran kayayyakin taba” ana tsara shi ne kowace shekara ta Hukumar Daidaito ta jihar. Tana nuna yawan duk harajin da aka tantance akan sigari. Asali wannan yakai kashi 27% na kudin siyarwa, amma bayan Shawara 56 ta ƙara haraji akan sigari daga $ 0.87 zuwa $ 2.87 fakiti, harajin vape ya ƙaru sosai. A shekarar da ta fara 1 ga Yulin, 2020, harajin shine 56.93% na tsadar kuɗi don duk samfuran da ke dauke da nikotin

Haɗuwa
Jiha tana da haraji mai hawa biyu, tana kimanta $ 0.40 a kowane mililita akan e-ruwa a cikin kayayyakin tsarin da aka rufe (kwasfusai, harsashi, cigalikes), da kuma 10% na siyarwa kan samfuran tsarin buɗewa, gami da e-ruwa na kwalba da na'urori

Shirya
A $ 0.05 a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nicotine

Gundumar Columbia
Babban birnin kasar yana sanya vap a matsayin "sauran kayayyakin taba," kuma yana tantance haraji kan farashin siyar da farashin bisa farashin da aka sanya shi kan farashin taba sigari. Ga shekarar kasafin kudi ta yanzu, wacce zata ƙare a watan Satumbar 2020, an saita harajin a kashi 91% na farashin jumla don na'urori da ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Georgia
A $ 0.05 a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa a cikin samfuran tsarin (kwasfai, harsashi, cigalikes), da kuma harajin 7% na siyarwa kan na'urar buɗe ido da kuma kwalban e-ruwa zasu fara aiki a kan Janairu 1, 2021

Jihar Illinois
Harajin haraji na 15% na kan kasuwa akan duk samfuran tashi. Baya ga harajin ƙasa baki ɗaya, duka Cook County da garin Chicago (wanda ke cikin Cook County) suna da nasu haraji na vape:

  • Chicago tana tantance $ 0.80 a kowane harajin kwalba akan ruwa mai dauke da sinadarin nicotine da kuma $ 0.55 a kowane milliliter. (Dole ne Chicago vapers su biya $ 0.20 a kowace miliyoyin harajin Cook County.) Saboda yawan haraji, shagunan vape da yawa a cikin Chicago suna siyar da e-nicotine e-nicotine da hotuna na DIY nicotine don guje wa babban harajin-mL akan wanda ya fi girma kwalabe
  • Countyasar Cook County tana ɗora harajin kayayyakin da ke ƙunshe da nicotine a kan farashin $ 0.20 a kowace milliliter

Kansas
A $ 0.05 a kowane haraji na mililita akan duk e-ruwa, tare da ko ba tare da nikotin ba

Kentucky
Haraji na 15% na talla kan kayan e-ruwa na kwalba da na tsarin buɗe ido, da kuma $ 1.50 a kowane haraji na raka'a akan sabbin akwatunan kwalliya da harsashi

Louisiana
A $ 0.05 a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nicotine

Maine
Harajin haraji na 43% kan duk samfuran vap

Maryland
Babu harajin vape a cikin jihar Maryland, amma yanki ɗaya yana da haraji:

  • Gundumar Montgomery ta ɗora harajin 30% na talla kan duk samfuran ɓoye, gami da na'urorin da aka sayar ba tare da ruwa ba

Massachusetts
Harajin haraji na 75% kan duk samfuran vap. Doka ta bukaci masu sayayya su samar da hujja cewa kayayyakin da suke fitarwa an sanya musu haraji, ko kuma suna fuskantar kwace da tarar $ 5,000 a laifin farko, da $ 25,000 don ƙarin laifuka.

Minnesota
A cikin 2011 Minnesota ta zama jiha ta farko da ta ɗora haraji kan sigarin e-sigari. Harajin asali asalinsa kashi 70% na yawan kuɗin siyarwa, amma an ƙara shi a shekarar 2013 zuwa kashi 95% na kanfanin kan kowane samfurin da ke dauke da sinadarin nicotine. Cigalikes da pod vapes-har ma da kayan farawa waɗanda suka haɗa da kwalban e-ruwa-ana biyan harajin zuwa kashi 95% na ƙimar kuɗinsu gaba ɗaya, amma a cikin e-ruwa na kwalba nicotine kanta ne kawai ake biyan haraji.

Nevada
Harajin haraji na 30% kan duk samfuran tururi

Sabuwar Hampshire
Haraji mai kashi 8% na kayan talla akan kayanda suke budewa, da $ 0.30 a kowane milliliter akan kayayyakin da aka rufe (kwandunan kwalliya, harsashi, cigalikes)

New Jersey
New Jersey tana biyan harajin e-ruwa a $ 0.10 a kowace milliliter a cikin kayan kwalliya da kayan kwalliya, 10% na farashin sayar da ruwa na kwalba, da kuma kashi 30% na kayan aiki. 'Yan majalisar New Jersey sun jefa kuri'a a watan Janairun 2020 don a ninka yawan kudin harajin mai ruwa biyu, amma gwamna Phil Murphy ne ya yi fatali da sabuwar dokar.

Sabuwar Mexico
New Mexico tana da haraji mai e-ruwa mai hawa biyu: 12.5% ​​na siyarwa akan ruwan kwalba, da $ 0.50 akan kowane leda, harsashi, ko sigalike tare da iya aiki a ƙarƙashin mililita 5

New York
20% haraji ne na sayarwa akan duk samfuran tururi

Arewacin Carolina
A $ 0.05 a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nicotine

Ohio
A $ 0.10 a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Pennsylvania
Wataƙila sanannen sanannen haraji a cikin ƙasa shine haraji na kashi 40% na kamfanin Pennsylvania. Da farko an tantance shi a kan dukkan samfuran tururi, amma kotu ta yanke hukunci a cikin 2018 cewa za a iya biyan harajin ne kawai ga e-ruwa da na'urorin da suka haɗa da na e-ruwa. Harajin PA tururi ya rufe fiye da ƙananan kamfanoni 100 a cikin jihar a cikin shekarar farko bayan amincewa ta

Puerto Rico
Harajin $ 0.05 a kowane mililita akan e-ruwa da $ 3.00 a kowane haraji guda akan e-sigari

Utah
Harajin haraji na 56% na kasuwa akan e-ruwa da na'urorin da aka cika su

Vermont
Harajin haraji na kashi 92 cikin dari kan e-ruwa da na'urori-mafi girman haraji da kowace ƙasa ke sanyawa

Virginia
A $ 0.066 a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Jihar Washington
Jiha ta zartar da harajin mai sayar da ruwa mai hawa biyu a shekara ta 2019. Tana cajin masu siye $ 0.27 a kowane milliliter akan e-juice - tare da ko ba tare da nikotin ba - a cikin kwanduna da kwandon da yake ƙasa da 5 mL a girma, da $ 0.09 a kowace mililita akan ruwa a cikin kwantena girma fiye da 5 ml

Yammacin Virginia
A $ 0.075 a kowane haraji na mililita akan kowane ruwa e, tare da ko ba tare da nikotin ba

Wisconsin
Harajin $ 0.05 a kowane mililita akan e-ruwa a cikin samfuran tsarin-kwalliya (kwasfa, harsashi, cigalikes) kawai — tare da ko ba tare da nikotin ba

Wyoming
Harajin 15% na siyarwa akan duk samfuran tururi

Harajin Vape a duk duniya

Kamar yadda yake a cikin Amurka, 'yan majalisa a duk duniya ba su fahimci kayayyakin tururi ba tukuna. Sabbin kayayyakin suna da alama ga 'yan majalisa kamar barazana ga kudaden harajin taba sigari (wanda suke da gaske), don haka motsawar idan sau da yawa sanya tsauraran haraji da fatan samun mafi kyau.

Harajin vape na ƙasa da ƙasa

Albaniya
Layi 10 ($ 0.091 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Azerbaijan
Mutum 20 ($ 11.60 US) a kowace lita haraji (kusan $ 0.01 a kowace mililita) akan duk e-ruwa

Bahrain
Harajin shine 100% na farashin haraji akan ruwa mai dauke da nikotin. Wannan yayi daidai da kashi 50% na farashi. Ba a san dalilin harajin ba, tunda ana ganin an hana yin amfani da iska a cikin kasar

Kuroshiya
Kodayake Croatia tana da harajin e-ruwa akan littattafan, a halin yanzu an saita ta da sifili

Cyprus
A 12 0.12 ($ 0.14 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Denmark
Majalisar dokokin Denmark ta zartar da dala DKK 2.00 ($ 0.30 US) a kowane haraji na mililita, wanda zai fara aiki a 2022. Masu bayar da fatawa da rage lahani suna kokarin sauya dokar

Estonia
A watan Yunin 2020, Estonia ta dakatar da harajinta kan abubuwan e-ruwa shekara biyu. Kasar a baya ta sanya harajin € 0.20 ($ 0.23 US) a kowane haraji na mililiter akan dukkan ruwa mai motsi

Kasar Finland
A 30 0.30 ($ 0.34 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Girka
A 10 0.10 ($ 0.11 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Hungary
A HUF 20 ($ 0.07 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Indonesiya
Harajin Indonesiya kashi 57% na farashin keɓaɓɓu, kuma da alama ana nufin ne kawai don haɓakar e-mai dauke da nikotin ("Karin abubuwa da jigon taba" shine lafazin). Jami'an kasar kamar sun fi son 'yan kasar su ci gaba da shan sigari

Italiya
Bayan shekara da shekaru na hukunta masu amfani da haraji wanda ya sanya yin kumburi sau biyu kamar shan sigari, majalisar dokokin Italiya ta amince da sabon, ƙarancin harajin haraji akan e-ruwa a ƙarshen 2018. Sabon harajin ya kasance ƙasa da 80 zuwa 90% na asali. Harajin yanzu ya kai € 0.08 ($ 0.09 US) a kowane mililita na e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin, da € 0.04 ($ 0.05 US) don samfuran nicotine. Ga masu tururi na Italiya waɗanda suka zaɓi yin nasu ruwa na ruwa, PG, VG, da dandano ba a biyan haraji

Kogin Urdun
Kayan aiki da ruwa mai dauke da nikotin ana biyan su harajin 200% na darajar CIF (farashi, inshora da dako)

Kazakhstan
Kodayake Kazakhstan tana da harajin lantarki a kan littattafan, a halin yanzu an saita ta da sifili

Kenya
Harajin Kenya, wanda aka fara aiwatarwa a shekara ta 2015, shine shilling na Kenya 3,000 ($ 29.95 US) akan na'urori, da 2,000 ($ 19.97 US) akan sake cikawa. Haraji ya sa yin saurin yin tsada fiye da shan sigari (harajin sigari sigar $ 0.50 a kowane fakiti) - kuma tabbas sune haraji mafi tsada a duniya

Kirgizistan
A 1 Kyrgyzstani Som ($ 0.014 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nicotine

Latvia
Harajin Latvia wanda baƙon abu yana amfani da tushe guda biyu don lissafin kuɗin fito akan e-ruwa: akwai € 0.01 ($ 0.01 US) a kowane haraji na mililita, da ƙarin haraji (€ 0.005 a kowace milligram) akan nauyin nicotine da aka yi amfani dashi

Lithuania
A 12 0.12 ($ 0.14 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Montenegro
A 90 0.90 ($ 1.02 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Arewacin Makedoniya
Denar ta Makedoniya ta 0.2 ($ 0.0036 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa. Doka ta ƙunshi ba da izinin ƙaruwa kai tsaye a cikin harajin 1 ga Yuli na kowace shekara daga 2020 zuwa 2023

Philippines
Pesos na Philippines 10 ($ 0.20 US) a kowace milliliters 10 (ko juzu'i na 10 mL) haraji akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nicotine (gami da cikin kayayyakin da aka riga aka cika). A takaice dai, ana yin cajin kowane juz'i sama da 10 mL amma a kasa da 20 ml (misali, 11 mL ko 19 mL) a farashin na 20 ml, da sauransu

Poland
Kudin 0.50 PLN ($ 0.13 US) a kowane haraji na milliliter akan duk e-ruwa

Fotigal
A 30 0.30 ($ 0.34 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Romania
0,52 Romania Leu ($ 0.12 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nicotine. Akwai hanyar da za a iya daidaita harajin kowace shekara dangane da ƙimar farashin masarufi

Rasha
Samfurori masu yarwa (kamar cigalikes) ana biyan su haraji akan 50 rubles ($ 0.81 US) a kowane sashi. Ana biyan harajin e-ruwa mai narkewa akan 13 rubles $ 0.21 US) a kowane milliliter

Saudi Arabiya
Harajin shine 100% na farashin haraji akan e-ruwa da na'urori. Wannan yayi daidai da kashi 50% na farashi.

Sabiya
Dinar Sabiya 4.32 ($ 0.41 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan duk e-ruwa

Slovenia
A 18 0.18 ($ 0.20 US) a kowane haraji na mililita akan e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Koriya ta Kudu
Theasar farko da ta ɗora harajin vape na ƙasa ita ce Jamhuriyar Koriya (ROK, galibi ana kiranta Koriya ta Kudu a Yammacin Turai) -a cikin 2011, shekarar da Minnesota ta fara biyan harajin e-ruwa. A halin yanzu kasar tana da haraji daban-daban kan ruwa mai likafani, kowannensu an kebe shi ne da wani dalili na kashe kudade (Asusun Tallafawa Lafiya na Kasa daya ne). (Wannan yayi daidai da Amurka, inda aka sanya harajin sigari na tarayya da farko don biyan Shirin Inshorar Kiwan Lafiyar Yara). Yawancin harajin e-ruwa na Koriya ta Kudu sun haɗa zuwa wanda yakai 1,799 won ($ 1.60 US) a kowace milliliter, kuma akwai harajin ɓata kan kwandunan da za a iya zubar da kwandunan 24.2 win ($ 0.02 US) a cikin kwandon 20.

Sweden
Harajin 2 krona a kowane milliliter ($ 0.22 US) a kan e-ruwa mai dauke da nikotin

Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa (UAE)
Harajin shine 100% na farashin haraji akan e-ruwa da na'urori. Wannan yayi daidai da kashi 50% na farashi.