Zotsatira zatsopano za kafukufuku zomwe CDC ikuwonetsa zikuwonetsa kutsika kwa 29% kwa achinyamata akuwuka kuchokera ku 2019 mpaka 2020, ndikuwabweretsa pamlingo womwe udawonedwa kale 2018. Zachidziwikire, CDC ndi FDA asankha njira ina yoperekera zotsatirazi.

Zotsatira zosankhidwa (koma osati zomwe adachokera) zinali mbali ya lipoti la CDC lofalitsidwa pa Seputembala 9 - tsiku lomwelo lomwe linali tsiku lomaliza la opanga vaping kuti atumizire Mapulogalamu a Fodya a Premarket kapena kuchotsa zinthu zawo kumsika. Zambiri zidzapezeka, komanso kusanthula zotsatira zonse, nthawi ina mu Disembala.

Kugwiritsa ntchito masiku 30 zapitazi (kotchedwa "kugwiritsa ntchito pano") pakati pa ophunzira aku sekondale kunatsika kuchokera pa 27.5 peresenti kufika pa 19.6 peresenti, ndipo kutsika kwa ophunzira asukulu yapakati kunali kwakukulu kwambiri, kuyambira 10.5 mpaka 4.7 peresenti. Ndiwo nkhani yabwino, sichoncho? Chabwino…

"Ngakhale izi zikuwonetsa kuchepa kwa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka e-ndudu kuyambira 2019," akatswiri a CDC ndi FDA alemba, "Achinyamata aku US aku 3.6 miliyoni akugwiritsabe ntchito ndudu za e-fodya mu 2020, ndipo mwa omwe akugwiritsa ntchito pano, oposa asanu ndi atatu mwa 10 akuti akugwiritsa ntchito ndudu ndudu za e-fodya. ”

Olembawo akuti chifukwa zinthu zonunkhira zilipobe, kuphulika kwa achinyamata sikudzagwera pamlingo (zero) womwe ungakwaniritse zovuta za CDC ndi FDA poohbahs. Chifukwa chake lipotilo limafotokoza mwatsatanetsatane za zomwe amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi ndi nthawi, ndikuwona kuti zipatso, timbewu tonunkhira, ndi menthol ndi mitundu yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa achinyamata onse. Kutanthauza kuti zonunkhira zimayendetsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi achinyamata ndizotopetsa, koma zina mwazosanthula ndizosangalatsa.

Mwachitsanzo, pakati pa "ogwiritsa ntchito makoko ndi ma cartridge okhala ndi zonunkhira, mitundu yazonunkhira yomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri inali zipatso (66.0%; 920,000); timbewu tonunkhira (57.5%; 800,000); menthol (44.5%; 620,000); ndi maswiti, ndiwo zochuluka mchere, kapena maswiti ena (35.6%; 490,000). ”

Koma a Juul Labs, omwe amapanga zomwe amati ndi vape yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa achinyamata, anali atachotsa nyemba zawo pamsika koposa chaka chimodzi kafukufukuyu asanamalizidwe. Palibe m'modzi mwazinthu zazikuluzikulu zopanga nyemba zosankhika omwe anali kugulitsa zipatso kapena zokometsera maswiti panthawi yofufuza. Izi zikusonyeza kuti chidutswa chachikulu cha "omwe akugwiritsa ntchito pano" chinali kutulutsa zinthu zakuda ndi zakuda ngati mitengo yosagwirizana ndi Juul yopangidwa ndi opanga osaloledwa.

"Malingana ngati e-ndudu zamtundu uliwonse zatsalira pamsika, ana adzawagwira ndipo sitidzathetsa mavutowa," atero Purezidenti wa Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids a Matthew Myers. Zachidziwikire, izi zimagwiranso kumsika wakuda. Kuletsa zonunkhira sikungayambitse kudziletsa, kungogula kuchokera kuzinthu zatsopano komanso zokayikitsa.

Lipoti la CDC limatchulanso kuti kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo kwakula kuchoka pa 2.4% mu 2019 kufika pa 26.5% mu 2020 — kuwonjezeka kwa 1,000%! - osafotokoza kuti mankhwalawa anali mayankho akampani yayikulu pazogulitsa zamalamulo zakusiya zonunkhira, ndipo pambuyo pake ku lingaliro la FDA loyika patsogolo kukakamiza kuzinthu zopangidwa ndi pod. (Pali lingaliro losangalatsa lachiwembu lomwe likusonyeza kuti lingaliro la a FDA loti asataye nthunzi kuchokera kuupangiri wake wa Januware 2020 inali kuyesa kuwona ngati msika wosavomerezeka wa vape ungayankhe mwachangu. Zinatero.)

Chofunika kwambiri ndikuti kusefukira kwamasukulu apamwamba kudatsika pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa atatu, ndipo kusekondale kuyambika kupitirira theka. Chowonadi chakuti achinyamata opitilira 80% amagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophulika ndi hering'i ofiira, chifukwa tikudziwa kale kuti ma vaper ambiri amakondanso zosakomera zosuta, ndikuti kununkhira sichimodzi mwazifukwa zazikulu zomwe ana amayesera kutulutsa.

Pali zovuta zina ndi NYTS pambali pa kutengeka ndi zokoma. CDC yachotsa mafunso okhudzana ndi nthendayi yomwe yatuluka mu kafukufukuyu, ndikusiya ophunzira kuti asankhe ngati mafunsowa akukhudza onse THC ndi chikonga cha chikonga. Sitikudziwa kuti ndi ana angati omwe akuchita kafukufukuyu ndi ma vapor THC, chifukwa CDC imaganiza kuti onse ali ndi nikotini, ndipo akuwonetsa zotsatira zake ngati kuti zilipo.

Zitha kukhala kuti (zomveka kwambiri) za makatiriji osavomerezeka a THC omwe adayambitsa "EVALI" adakankhira ma vapers amafuta azaka zambiri kusukulu kuti asiye kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa. Sitikudziwa kuchuluka kwa mafuta osavomerezeka omwe adachitika mu 2018-19 "mliri wachinyamata," koma tikudziwa kuti mankhwalawa anali kutchuka kwambiri pakati pa achinyamata omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo nthawi yomweyo (2017-2019 ).

Vuto lina pazotsatira zoyambirira: CDC idasankha kuti isapereke ziwonetsero zoyambirira za 2020 zosuta. Chaka chatha kugwiritsa ntchito ndudu yamasiku 30 yapita idatsika mpaka 5.8 peresenti nthawi zonse kwa ophunzira aku sekondale, ndi 2.3% yokha pakati pa ophunzira kusukulu. Kodi izi zidapitilira mu 2020 - kapena kuchepa kwa vaping kudapangitsa kuwonjezeka kofananira kwa kusuta ndudu zakupha? Sitidziwa mpaka nthawi ina mu Disembala, chifukwa pazifukwa zilizonse, CDC sinkafuna kuti tiwone zotsatirazi tsopano.

"Chikhalidwe" chomasula zotsatira zoyambirira kuchokera ku NYTS chidayambika mu 2018 ndi Commissioner wa FDA panthawiyo a Scott Gottlieb, omwe amafuna kuwonetsa china chake chokhazikika kuti atsimikizire zonena zawo kuti "kusokonekera" kwazaka zapakati paunyamata kukuchitika. Koma adakhala miyezi ingapo akukhazikitsa bwaloli asanatulutse manambala kuti abwererenso zonena zake.

"Ndikukhulupirira kuti pali mliri wogwiritsa ntchito achinyamata," atero a Gottlieb pa Seputembara 11, 2018. "Tili ndi chifukwa chomveka chofotokozera izi potengera zomwe zachitika komanso zomwe tidaziwona, zina zomwe ndizoyambilira ndipo zidzakhala zatsirizidwa m'miyezi ikubwerayi ndikuwonetsedwa poyera. ”

Gottlieb adaopseza kuti adzaletsa zopangidwa ndi zokometsera ndikukoka zotulutsa zotchuka kwambiri pamsika. Patadutsa sabata, a FDA adalengeza kampeni yatsopano yotsutsa-vaping. Pakatikati pake panali malonda apa TV otchedwa "Mliri," omwe malingaliro anzeru muofesi yoyang'anira fodya ku FDA mwachidziwikire amakhulupirira kuti angawopsyeze achinyamata ofuna zosangalatsa kuti asatengeke.

Pomwe zotsatira zoyambirira za 2018 NYTS pomaliza zidatulutsidwa mu Novembala, atolankhani-omwe adalimbikitsidwa ndi Gottlieb, kampeni yotsatsa, ndikuimba kwaphokoso kosatha kwa mabodza odana ndi vapou ochokera kumagulu odana ndi fodya - adasungunuka. Mulingo waku "sekondale" waku sekondale adakwera kuchokera pa 11.7 kufika pa 20.8 peresenti!

Zomwe mabungwewo sanachite-chifukwa sanatero ndikufuna to-anali kupereka nkhani. Umboni wa mliri wowopsa makamaka umatengera kugwiritsa ntchito masiku 30 apitawa, zomwe ndizovuta kukayikira zovuta zamankhwala osokoneza bongo. Kugwiritsa ntchito kamodzi mwezi watha sikungakhale umboni wazomwe mumazolowera, osanenapo za "chizolowezi". Siziwonetsa china chilichonse chosokoneza kuposa mafashoni.

Kusanthula mosamala zotsatira za 2018 NYTS ndi ofufuza ochokera ku New York University (ndi mayunivesite ena) adawonetsa kuti ndi 0,4% yokha mwa omwe adachita nawo kafukufukuyu omwe sanagwiritsepo ntchito fodya wina ndipo vaped masiku 20 kapena kupitilira apo pamwezi. Mwanjira ina, ma vapor omwe amapita kusukulu yasekondale anali atasuta kale.

"Vaping yawonjezeka pakati pa achichepere aku US mu 2018 kupitilira 2017. Kuchulukaku kumadziwika ndimitundu yamagetsi otsika [masiku 30 apitawa] komanso kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwambiri kwa zinthu zambiri, komanso kuchuluka kwa mpweya pakati pa nthunzi zafodya," olemba adamaliza.

Pamene 2019 NYTS iwonetsa kuwonjezeka kwina, kuchokera pa 20.8 mpaka 27.5 peresenti, kuyankha koopsa kochitidwa ndi oyang'anira ndi atolankhani kudaneneratu; kwenikweni kunali kungokumbukira kwa minofu. Koma nkhaniyi sinasinthe. Gulu la ophunzira aku Britain omwe amayang'ana zotsatira za kafukufuku wa 2018 ndi 2019 CDC adagwirizana ndikuwunika kwa gulu la NYU.

"Kugwiritsa ntchito pafupipafupi kumachitika mu 1.0% mwa omwe amagwiritsa ntchito osuta fodya mu 2018 ndi 2.1% mu 2019," adalemba. "Mwa osuta omwe adasuta ndudu za e-fodya masiku 30 zapitazi mu 2019, 8.7% adati amalakalaka ndipo 2.9% akuti akufuna kugwiritsa ntchito mphindi 30 zokha atadzuka."

Zotsatira izi sizikusonyeza kuti ana "ali ndi chizolowezi" kapena "aledzera," monga Campaign for Fodya-Free Kids and Truth Initiative inalembera m'manyuzipepala awo. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwamasiku-30 ​​kwam'mbuyomu kumayimira kuyesera, osati kugwiritsa ntchito mwachizolowezi. “Zizoloŵezi zauchidakwa” sizimafika pachimake chaka chimodzi ndipo zimatsika ndi 30 peresenti chaka chamawa — koma mafashoni aunyamata nthawi zonse amatuluka ndikumatsika mofulumira motere.

Chowonadi chosanenedwa ndikuti achinyamata aku America samaponyera mowirikiza kapena mwamphamvu kwambiri kuposa ochokera ku UK kapena kwina kulikonse. Koma olamulira aku US amatanthauzira kuti achinyamata akuwonjezeka m'njira yoti ipangitse mantha kwa akuluakulu. Ndipo bola atakwanitsa kukwaniritsa zomwe akufuna, palibe chomwe chingasinthe.